Thursday, August 27, 2020

Wicked Problems Social Policy in America on Equality Essay

Insidious Problems Social Policy in America on Equality - Essay Example They had the option to work; teach themselves and ascend in the public arena. Social arrangements don't address the sociological issues, they answer at an exceptionally shallow level the end issues managing imbalance and not inside disparity. Meritocracy and Egalitarism can't be accomplished as it accept that we are not one of a kind people. Three issues we be secured: inheritance issues in Elite universities, Blacks come up short in graduate school and Gay relationships. In finishing up a rundown will be made, affirming when the legislature gets included, social gatherings endure. Much contention has been in the press about graduated class tolerating heritage inclinations. Heritage inclinations presently isn't secured by Affirmative Action yet the administration is hoping to pass enactment under the The Civil Rights Act of 1866 which forestalling separation dependent on family and on race. (Wise 2010) I for one don't figure the issue ought to be tended to at the administration level . A graduated class kid has a 20% progressively possibility of being acknowledged in his parent's school. Is this not human nature?(Kahlenberg 2010) Currently in France, it is strategy so as to go after a position, the candidate has the option to overlook all data demonstrating his race, foundation or religion. On the off chance that the US were to do likewise, at that point the College candidate despite everything has the SAT scores. A parent, who has originated from an Elite school, will have given his kid a decent foundation consequently the most ideal groundwork for the SAT. Observationally it is difficult to measurably test, if inheritance inclination means that acknowledgment. On the off chance that Elite schools were to carefully apply governmental policy regarding minorities in society, it would be at the impairment of under qualified understudies. An examination done by Standford University found that 33% of dark graduate school graduates in California beat the law knowledg e review on the main attempt and most never become legal counselors. (Kahlenberg 2010)T he question nearby is to plan dark understudies before they get to University so they are not in the circumstance to fall flat. Â Gay Marriages suggests that the establishment of relationships is totally dissolved. On the off chance that 1 of every 2 youngsters will endure a separated from marriage, the inquiry isn't permitting gay relationships however for what reason is the idea of marriage having debased to such a disgraceful level. (Frum 1997 ) The Social Structure and idea of marriage is the genuine issue. There is not, at this point the social structure inside the religion which governing rules every relationship to ensure individuals and couples remain destined for success. Gay relationships are an indication of society that the organization of marriage is significantly increasingly uncertain. Marriage used to be a way to bring up kids; to make a real existence time bond; to proceed with family heritages. Presently it has become an activity in radical independence. Governmental policy regarding minorities in society and marriage don't go connected at the hip. Carrying a youngster into the world expect that the mother, ordinarily the lady, assumes a lower job in the couple as she has surrendered a significant number of her equalitarian opportunities to raise her family. He proposes to make it harder to separate; to instruct in school the various jobs of the genders and to educate in humanism that it were socially worthy, Government strategy has nothing to do with it. David inquires as to whether gay people would truly need to wed on the off chance that they knew the confused social structure it really included. It is difficult work to remain wedded and upbeat. There isn't the self-governance or the governmental policy regarding minorities in society in a marriage. An establishment is intended to stand. The family is a sociological structure that has been long piece o f our general public before the 50's. Those, who favor gay marriage, must not have solid marriage themselves. A lady was worked to have youngsters and to raise kids. Maybe the word 'marriage' is the issue. In certain nations, laws have been passed authorizing the option to live

Saturday, August 22, 2020

How the 2016 Republican Primaries Worked

How the 2016 Republican Primaries Worked The 2016 presidential political decision was outstanding for some reasons, not the least of which was the result. Significant changes to the Republican essential framework made in the wake of the 2012 political race were expected to accelerate the up-and-comer determination process. Yet, it didnt very work out that way. What Happened in 2012 Gathering rules set up before the 2012 presidential electionâ lengthenedâ the measure of time it took the inevitable chosen one to make sure about the 1,144 representatives vital for the selection. The main three candidates, Mitt Romney, Rick Santorum, and Newt Gingrich, were secured a tight race until the end, when Utah held the remainder of the primaries in the country on June 26. The gathering show was held a month later in Tampa, Florida. That November, Romney lost by a wide edge to President Barack Obama, giving Obama aâ second term in the White House. After two years, Republican Party pioneers met to draft rules for the 2016 primaries. Their main concern was evading another drawn-out essential fight that would constrain the inevitable chosen one to invest a lot of energy and cash protecting himself from assaults by individuals from his own gathering. Republican National Committee Chairman Reince Priebus put it along these lines in 2014: We have been stating for a considerable length of time that we were done going to lounge around and permit ourselves to cut up for a half year, take an interest in a carnival of discussions, that we were going to grab hold by and by of our duty at the Republican National Committee since we are the overseers of the assignment procedure, he said. The 2016 Primaries Per convention, Iowa Republicans casted a ballot first; they caucused on Feb. 1, 2016, and gave Texas Sen. Ted Cruz a thin success over Donald Trump, 28 percent to 24 percent. Barely seven days after the fact, New Hampshires GOP held the countries first essential on Feb. 9. Trump won an ordering 35 percent of the vote. Ohio Gov. John Kasich, who might hound Trump all through the crusade, came in just short of the leader with 19 percent of the vote. South Carolina and Nevada casted a ballot soon thereafter, and Trump won the two states. Be that as it may, Sens. Marco Rubio of Florida and Ted Cruz likewise progressed admirably. The ground was set for a quick, fierce essential battle paving the way to the July 18 start of the national convention.â Since Iowa and New Hampshire monitor their first-in-the-country status so beyond all doubt, the GOP decides ensured that any states that attempted to cast a ballot sooner than these future rebuffed by losing delegates at the national show. Triumphs in these early states would likewise give an early lift to the victors. When March started, the pace stimulated. States holding their primaries between March 1 and March 14 needed to grant their agents on a corresponding premise, implying that nobody applicant could almost certainly win the selection before late-casting a ballot states held their primaries. States deciding on March 15, 2016, or later could grant their agents on a champ take-all premise, which means competitors will probably give more consideration to them.â As the weeks wore on, the challenge came down to Trump and Cruz, with Kasich a far off if vocal third. When the Indiana Republican essential occurred on May 3, it was evident that Trump would win the designation after Cruz came in second in that challenge and in this way dropped out of the race. Trump formally crossed the agent edge of 1,237 when he won the North Dakota essential on May 26. Outcome Donald Trump proceeded to win the presidential political race that November ​and the Republican Party kept up its control of the two places of Congress. However even before the political race, some gathering chiefs were at that point discussing changes to the 2020 essential framework. Among them was a proposition to permit just enlisted Republicans a vote. Trump won primaries in both South Carolina and Nevada to a limited extent on the grounds that the two states allowed independents to cast a ballot. As of August 2017, the GOP hasnt yet executed these changes.

Friday, August 21, 2020

Finding the Best Writing Paper

Finding the Best Writing PaperFinding the best writing paper is going to take some time. The reason why you want to find the best paper is because you want your work to be well read. There are certain things that you will want to keep in mind when looking for the best paper.First of all, you will want to know that you will need to make sure that you write about the right content. It is important that you read through as many papers as possible so that you can determine if it is something that you will be able to read over again. You also want to make sure that you don't use the same template for your paper.The next thing that you will want to make sure that you pay attention to is the length of the paper. You want to make sure that you make your paper seem longer than it actually is. Many people make the mistake of making the paper seem shorter than it really is.One of the best things about writing paper is that you will be able to write it in any way that you like. You don't have to follow a specific format for the paper. You can use your own style.A good idea is to make sure that you do something different from the other writing papers that you read. This is going to help you create something that is completely unique. While this is not the case always try to be different.Another thing that you will want to consider is how long it will take you to finish the paper. This should depend on what you want to accomplish with the paper. Make sure that you only focus on writing papers that take a minimum of three hours to complete.It will also help to know that there are many different places that you can find a paper for a specific reason. You can find them in classrooms and community colleges. You can also find many good papers online.Remember that finding the best writing on paper isn't always going to be easy. However, it is possible to find one. You just need to be patient and make sure that you pay attention to what you are looking for.

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

The Ethics Of Style By Joseph Williams - 753 Words

Final Assessment Task Introductory Frame: â€Å"Simple is the new Stylish† In the â€Å"Ethics of Style†, Joseph Williams explains that â€Å"necessary complexity† is the intentional use of superfluously complicated text (SOURCE). He claims that effective text should be easily understood and not require â€Å"unpack[ing]† to discover its meaning (SOURCE). I will apply William’s perspective to rewrite my academic analysis on two famous American presidential speeches from the â€Å"research task†. To reduce the over-complexity of my writing, I will minimise sentence length, ensure a singular paragraph subject, and simplify my word choice to match the needs of the target audience. Furthermore, an extension analysis will explore the use of sentence breaks and specific repetition in the two speeches. Finally, I will demonstrate that minute elements of style and method are highly effective in producing persuasive text. Body: â€Å"Revising to Perfection† Revision: Latest studies suggest that 89% of the American population self-identify as religious, with 62% classifying themselves as â€Å"highly religious† ( Consequently, both presidents have taken advantage of the theme of religion and God to become relatable. Religion evokes emotions (pathos) of unity, equality, and trust within its believers allowing the presidents to appear as equal mortals. This reduces their perceived position as political leaders. For example,Show MoreRelatedToday’s mass media has been molded by hundreds of years of reporting, journalism, and personal1300 Words   |  6 Pagesinteresting stories for the public. Tactics like this can be credited to people such as William Randolph Hearst, a newspaper mogul from the late 19th to the 20th centuries. Hearst greatly influenced the practice of American journalism through his wealth, short political career, and use of uno rthodox reporting methods such as yellow journalism. Born in San Francisco in 1863 to California gold rush millionaire George Hearst, William Randolph displayed a love for journalism at young age. While attending HarvardRead MoreEtiology of Pediatric Obesity776 Words   |  3 Pagesan aspect of our cultural identity, alone, cannot be responsible for the epidemic of childhood obesity in the United States, as the behavior of children is largely reliant on the influences of their parents. Home and social environments, parenting styles, family-feeding practices are the primary influences on early childhood nutritional behaviors. Obesity is a serious and widespread health problem in only certain kinds of societies characterized by economic modernizations, food surplus, and socialRead MoreEssay on Neoclassical Art Period vs Romanticism Art Period1046 Words   |  5 PagesNeoclassicism’s formal stylistic characteristics had a tendency to copy ancient Greco-Roman art with a prominence on poise, self-control, and grandeur of scale. The period was searching to modify society by procuring ancient virtue, morality, and ethics as solutions to what society felt to be the playfulness, recklessness, and lavishness of18th century privileged. Romanticism Art Period Romanticism materialized in conflict with the 18th century Age of Enlightenment as an international movementRead MoreHnrs. Renaissance History Chapter 17 18 Study Guide1404 Words   |  6 PagesDeists creed were what? The belief in an afterlife dependent upon ones earthly actions and the existence of a rational God. 8. Which of the following figures came closest to atheism in their religious thinking? Baron dHolbach 9. According to Ethics, the most famous of his works, this man closely identified God and nature, an idea for which his contemporaries condemned him. Who was this? Spinoza 10. This 18th century philosopher was known as the Jewish Socrates. Who is this man? MendelssohnRead MoreWilliam Sullivans Work And Integrity : The Crisis And Promise Of Professionalism1340 Words   |  6 PagesThe embodiment of a military professional must be as stated in William Sullivan s book Work and Integrity: The Crisis and Promise of Professionalism in America. He asserts a profession is an application of a strict and arduous credentialing system, demanding a lifetime of rigorous discipline, resulted in an exclusive group of peers who possessed a distinct body of knowledge, language, and abilities.1 The officer corps is burdened with greater responsibility based on the nature of the militaryRead MorePersonal Beliefs And Statement About Education Essay1836 Words   |  8 Pagesteacher was able to help my fellow classmates and I understand so easily. My teachers never failed to inspire me. As a result, I always dreaded graduating up a grade because I knew it meant learning to connect with a new teacher and their teaching styles, yet they never failed to disappoint me. Growing up I was and still am today, an athlete. As an athlete I always had someone to look up to, whether it were my coach or another athlete of the same sport. It was pretty obvious to me that I wanted toRead MoreTyco2334 Words   |  10 Pagesstints at SCM Corporation and Nashua Corporation. He found a friend and mentor in then CEO Joseph Gaziano. Dennis Kozlowski was impressed by Gaziano’s lavish lifestyle – company jets, extravagant vacations, company cars and country club memberships. However, Gaziano’s reign abruptly ended in 1982 when he died of cancer. Gaziano was replaced by John F. Fort III, who differed sharply in management style. Where Gaziano had been extravagant, Fort was analytical and thrifty. Wall Street respondedRead More 1950-1960 Essay1699 Words   |  7 Pageswas also a society on the move. Life was progressively getting faster. Drive-in business and shopping malls were convenient. Mass culture brought material wealth to America, but many wondered at what cost. Poorer citizens were ignored, and the work ethic was decreasing with modernization. Women were denied public power, and many felt their success should be supporting a successful husband (Layman 263). America also had incredible weapons, so awesome that they could destroy civilization, military leadersRead MoreRole Played by Scarcity of Resources in a Given Historical Period2218 Words   |  9 Pagesapprove seemed like a necessity for settling of arid regions, and the extension of American society into thitherto-unpopulated regions of the North American continent. To contextualize this issue of resource scarcity, imagine a man of the 1890s (William E. Smythe, perhaps) given access to a time machine: Smythe would likely find the early 21st century American reliance on fossil fuels and electricity to be bizarre. To suggest to Smythe that scarcity of electricit y would be a sufficient cause forRead More Narrative and Narrator: An Analysis of Joseph Andrews Essay3068 Words   |  13 PagesNarrative and Narrator: An Analysis of Joseph Andrews      Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   As the novel was coalescing into a distinct form of literary expression, Henry Fielding introduced a dynamic relationship between the reader and the text by developing the role of the narrator and the narrators responsibility in shaping the overall structure of the work. His narrative creation would become a tradition explored by modern writers. By establishing the narrator as an intermediary, the narrator was free to create

Friday, May 15, 2020

Gender Roles In Macbeth - 1879 Words

The Role of Gender in Macbeth Throughout human history, many cultures around the world develop a strict guideline of expected duties and characteristics that are based on gender. In Shakespeare’s plays, the role of gender depends on whether the play is a comedy or a tragedy. In many of Shakespeare’s comedies, even the most independent and clever women, who defy their traditional role, are eventually tamed through marriage and are ultimately redeemed. In his tragedies, however, characters who do not adhere to their traditional gender roles are portrayed as evil or unvirtuous. In Shakespeare’s tragedy Macbeth, many characters are used to exemplify the desirable qualities associated with gender during this time either directly or through†¦show more content†¦. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Come to my woman’s breasts, And take my milk for gall†¦ (48) Through her pleading, she establishes the desire to reject and eliminate the feminine aspects that she believes are preventing her rise to power and receive more masculine qualities. By asking the spirits to unsex, she conveys the idea that the female sex is unable to carry out these cruel and malicious deed, which aligns with traditional assumption that femininity is weak. She also pleads for the spirits to remove the milk from her breast because she believes that they are a crucial part of femininity and are preventing her from committing cruel actions. However, due to her desire to obtain the ruthlessness that is associated with masculinity, she is directly defying her intended role as a woman. Lady Macbeth once again subverts the traditional values associated with women. After conspiring to commit murder with Macbeth, Macbeth soon becomes unsure with the plan and attempts to dissuade any action. In response, Lady Macbeth chastises him for being a coward before elaborating on the perfect nature of the opportunity that have been given. She equates Macbeth’s promise to kill the beloved king to suckling babies: I have given suck, and know How tender ‘tis to love the babe that milk me- I would, while it was smiling in my face, Have plucked my nipples from his boneless gums, And dashed the brains out, had I so sworn as you Have done to this†¦ (58) Lady Macbeth describesShow MoreRelatedGender Roles In Macbeth1477 Words   |  6 PagesShakespearian times the woman had no powerful roles, they did not write or act in plays. The roles were strictly played by men. This was true, however, in Macbeth written by William Shakespeare he portrays that both the men and the women in the play craved powerful roles, and desire ambition. Additionally, he shows how the roles of gender are flipped between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth, and displays that Lady Macbeth wants control over Macbeth. In the play Lady Macbeth stands in for Macbeth’s manliness throughoutRead MoreGender Roles in Macbeth732 Words   |  3 PagesAccording to gender theory, society assigns certain roles for men and women. In Shakespeare’s Macbeth, these gender roles play an important part in violence. Both Lady Macbeth and Macbeth appeal to the role of â€Å"manhood† as violent and aggressive in order to accomplish the murders of King Duncan and Banquo. Wom en are portrayed as initiators of crimes and are viewed as devious.So, throughout the play, gender roles provide a means for murders and viciousness. At the beginning of the play, King DuncanRead MoreGender Roles In Macbeth894 Words   |  4 PagesZoe Lyon Mrs. Calland Honors CP English 9 13 December 2017 Manhood, Masculinity, and Gender Roles in Macbeth Gender stereotypes are oversimplified generalizations about the roles of each gender. In the play Macbeth, the author, William Shakespeare shows these stereotypes through the characters and their conflicts and challenges. Throughout the play, we develop an understanding about how the characters’ perspectives on what manhood and masculinity means, plays a huge part in the decisions they makeRead MoreGender And Gender Roles In Shakespeares Macbeth880 Words   |  4 Pages Topic: What is the message about women that is portrayed in the play Macbeth? Does the play defy or conform to the gender norms? Macbeth Essay Assignment Gender Roles in Shakespeare’s Macbeth During the play of Macbeth, Shakespeare does defy gender norms. He portrays that the gender of a person does not define who they are and how they act and gender roles as not being a stereotype. Macbeth and Lady Macbeth both exhibit traits that are not the way males and females are â€Å"supposed† to act. ShakespeareRead MoreMacbeth Gender Roles Essay807 Words   |  4 PagesWilliam Shakespeare’s tragedy â€Å"Macbeth† completely challenges the idea of traditional gender roles and social norms during the renaissance period. The male characters have many feminine traits while the female characters have many more masculine and manlier traits. This was going entirely against the stereotypical outlook of the roles you’re supposed to play as your gender during that time of history. During the renaissance period women were only expected to clean, cook, and to have babies. Men onRead MoreGender Roles In Macbeth Essay974 Words   |  4 Pagesof the time they wer e written, which can educate people in modern day about philosophy further back than the 17th century. The plot of the play, Macbeth shows how dark and hostile Shakespeare’s writing became after King James took the throne in 1605 (BBC, 2014). The way the play speaks about women can reflect on the way Shakespeare thought of gender roles, and can display how far society has come in four centuries. In the 17th century, women had few rights, and followed orders from men, at the timeRead MoreGender Roles- Macbeth and Lady Macbeth Essay1296 Words   |  6 PagesIn the old Shakespeare play Macbeth, women wear the pants, while the men wear the dresses, this is the theme throughout the play. It focuses on the marriage of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth takes the lead role, while she convinces her husband to kill Duncan. Shakespeare play concerning gender roles, shows the untraditional marriage in Scotland; what one sees is not what one gets. It also show how one starts is not how they end. The story of Macbeth shows power and betrayal. It shows power because it showsRead MoreGender And Gender Roles In Macbeth By William Shakespeare1043 Words   |  5 PagesIn Macbeth by William Shakespeare, gender plays a pivotal role in the development of the overall plot and as the play advances, certain characters, including Macbeth and Lady Macbeth experience a reversal in traditional gender behaviors. Additionally, we see gender confusion among other characters that enhances conflict in the play. Originally, Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are portrayed in ways that enforce their respective masculinity and feminism in accordance to the society around them. As MacbethRead MoreGender And Gender Roles In William Shakespeares Macbeth1397 Words   |  6 Pagescompany. The tragedy was Macbeth, and it was about a Scottish nobleman who committed unimaginable acts for his own gain and benefit simply because of a prophecy. Shakespeare had demolished the stereotypes given by society to men and women in that time period by creating his characters to be the exact opposite of what was expected. This is evident in Macbeth’s opinion of his wife, Lady Macbeth’s shocking personality and in the three witches’ mocking and dark nature. Gender roles are significantly visibleRead MoreMacbeth Essay: the Role of Gender and Position911 Words   |  4 PagesMacbeth Essay: The Role of Gender and Position Amilio Lopez In Macbeth, many elements that affect the story’s plot and outcome; however, gender and position of power play the most important role of the story. For example, Lady Macbeth continuously wants to be changed into a man in order to get certain duties done that Macbeth is hesitant to do. Also, Lady Macbeth uses the power of belittling Macbeth’s masculinity to further drive his actions in the play. Lastly, the witches’ predictions of Macbeth’s

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Different Types Of Gangs Around The World - 2028 Words

There are many different types of gangs around the world. Some gangs consist of Skinheads, Asians, Latinos, African-American and Caucasians. But there are some gangs that are mixed with different ethnics. Prison gangs are criminal associations that started inside the punitive framework and they have kept on operating inside remedial offices all through the United States. Prison gangs are likewise managing toward one criminal element that can precede with their operations outside the restrictions the reformatory framework. Commonly, a prison gang comprises of a select gathering on detainees who have a sorted out progressive system and who are represented by a secured set of principles. Gangs fluctuate in both association and organization from very organized groups. Prison gangs keep on carrying out criminal movement, enroll new parts in urban, suburban, and provincial areas over the United States, and create criminal affiliations that extend their impact over criminal undertakings, especially road level drug deals. The most eminent patterns for 2011 have been the general increment in gang enrollment, and the extension of criminal street gangs control of road level drug deals and coordi nated effort with adversary groups and other criminal associations. An alternate impact of prison gangs is a feeling of fitting in with a family unit. Prisoners get a feeling of character and distinguish from being in a gang. It separates them from their companions and provides for them aShow MoreRelatedJuvenile Gang Pros And Cons1510 Words   |  7 PagesThe concept of Juvenile gang’s is not unknown to the world. They can be found in any corner of the world and any ethnic/racial background. Gangs have been around since humans learned how to get into organized groups. This was about around the time of the middle ages. In fact, the first recorded history of such gangs was in the city of London (Sheldon., Tracy and Brown, 1996). For America, it was not until the early 1800s when juvenile gangs became a problem (Sheldon., Tracy and Brown, 1996). ThisRead MoreA Brief Note On The Problems Of Gangs891 Words   |  4 PagesGrice Mrs. Gallos English 3 Research Paper 24 November 2014 Gangs: The problems they make Gangs are a big problem in the world and it causes a lot of crime in the United States. There are a lot of different types of gangs in the world. You have the small gangs that are just made up of a group of friends and family, but then you also got the large gangs that are made up of hundreds of different kinds of people. Gang members go around committing so many crimes. They rob people in their own homesRead MoreGangs Have A Long Negative History Essay1479 Words   |  6 PagesGangs have a long negative history. Usually joining a gang is a bad thing to do. Well depending what kind of gang it is, but most of the time it’s been viewed like a violent or a rebellion act. Gangs have had an impact in society for a long time in many different places in the world, and there are a lot of types of gangs. They impact society by increasing the rates of murders, school drop outs, and drug and alcohol abuse. There are many reasons why people join gangs. Some people might join a gangRead MoreThe Power Structures Within Our Society1629 Words   |  7 Pagesgovernment power. We learn through Mill’s power elite theory that those in a higher power or in an elite position such as the economy, government, and military are the ones who make the decisions. These elite subjugate the key leadership positions around us and the decisions they make have consequences for us, the citizens, or those who do not have much power. Those who are in the power elite or prominent positions enter these positions through education, their connections established from the placeRead MoreEssay On Gangs890 Words   |  4 PagesNovember 8,2017 Gangs, are they good for our community? Gangs, they’re all around us,everywhere,and anywhere. How do us americans feel about gangs, and their affects on our environment ? I’m against gangs because of their affect on our youth. It affects the youth causing distractions, peer pressure, and blocking opportunities for them. Gangs are one of the top three causes of crime in America today. And gives America’s crime system a lot of difficulty with solving the problem. Gangs are and haveRead MoreTheories And Rational Choice Theory1274 Words   |  6 PagesIntroduction This paper will cover two criminological theories and they will be applied to two types of criminality. The two theories chosen for the paper were developmental theory and rational choice theory. The two types of crimes that were chosen were organized crime, specifically focusing on gangs, and terrorism. Then the crimes will be compared and contrasted. Finally, the developmental theory will be applied to organized crime to explain why and how it happens. The rational choice theory willRead MoreThe Death Of Gang Research1637 Words   |  7 Pagesterm â€Å"gang† was associated with groups in socially disorganized and deteriorated inner-city neighborhoods: It was applied to juveniles who engaged in a variety of delinquencies, ranging from truancy, street brawls, and beer running to race riots, robberies, and other serious crimes (Regoli, Hewitt, DeLisi, 2011). There were several gangs within the United States, which included street gangs, prison gangs, motorcycle gangs, and or ganized crime gangs that still exist today. The word â€Å"gang† is derivedRead MoreThe Negative Impact of Gangs on Oklahoma1247 Words   |  5 Pages The large negative impact on Oklahoma that gangs have caused resulted in a change in our state. In all fifty of the United States, more types and groups of gangs are committing more crimes and illegal activity. Gangs have significantly impacted Oklahoma by increasing violence, homicides, and drug trafficking, and something must be done. The amount of people affiliated with gangs is rapidly increasing. Oklahoma authorities say that gangs are an urban problem. In a report in the year 2010, studiesRead MoreThe Problem Of Gang Violence917 Words   |  4 Pagesalready had personal knowledge about gangs but after taking this class, I have a much better understanding about them. From what I ve seen and heard, gangs are and will always be a part of our society. As we ve learned in this class, they have been around for hundreds of years. One thing that came to my mind while I was talking to my husband was pirates. They have territories over seas and anyone that passes their water gets robbed , in today s gangs it s a different setting but the same concept. TheRead MoreThe Crime Of A Gang1293 Words   |  6 PagesThe country we live in has been affected and influenced by something that we now call a â€Å"Gang†. According, to a gang is defined as a group of youngsters or adolescents who associate closely, often exclusively, for social reasons, especially such a group engaging in delinquent behavior. Since the early 1900’s The United States of America has been affected by gangs. They originated from the Italian immigrants that were closely related to the Sicilian mafia and others that were located

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Rethinking Project Management Education †

Question: Discuss about the Rethinking Project Management Education. Answer: Introduction This is a literature review on the practices of project management which explores a part of the current debates about the subject. It was conducted using an explorative and unstructured method of review which explored the project management process by studying different textbooks and articles on project management that offered different insights and perspectives on the discipline. The purpose of the review is to identify different perspectives that exist on the practice of project management. Over the past decades, new perspectives on project management have emerged thanks to the introduction of new tools, methods, and practices that move beyond the traditional Corporate Perfomance Management (CPM) thinking. The traditional approaches to project management have been broadly criticized by researchers who felt that CPM is an incomplete and insufficient method as it lacks the level of detail required(Svejvig Andersen, 2015). Complexity of projects and the complexity of their environment are part of the main arguments that call for rethinking traditional project management. This rethinking has shifted the perspectives from single project exploration in isolation to the management of multiple projects. Aretha et al. (2009) has argued that a multiple project environment presents challenges that is very different from the single project management challenges(Aretha, et al., 2009). He used the complexity theory in order to understand the multi-project environment and identified it as a combination of complex adaptive systems. Mayor et al. (2006) reflected on the programs and portfolios that can be seen as mechanisms for managing projects in organization. According to him, they create different issues than those in a single project face(Jones, et al., 2011). Thus, there is a need that a project manager and his team must obtain transferable project management skills Leybourne (2007) describes a perspective which sees project management as an open value system that focuses on social and political aspects rather than on the tools and procedures (Leybourne, 2010). These social and behavioural considerations have expanded the discipline of project management. Clarke (2010) explored the impact of emotions on the behaviour and decisions of a project manager with respect to projects(Clarke, 2008). His empirical study showed that emotional intelligence has a direct posititve effect on the success of projects. Sense (2009) focused on the social learning that is obtained by a project team during projects, showing that this can help to build a learning culture and organisational learning, both positively impacting a companies success(Sense, 2009). Small and Walker (2010) state that the social complexities on a project are created from the human plurality and thus, the project management strategy used must follow a continual adaptation to be able to respond to the changes in power and political scenarios on projects(Small Walker, 2010). Over the last decades, alternative methods, approaches and perspectives have been identified that allow practitioners to rethink on the traditional project management practice. This helps them to better cope with the complexities and uncertainties during projects. Berggren and Sderlund (2008) identified how education practices have affected the knowledge and production capacities of project managers(Berggren Sderlund, 2008). According to Louw and Rwelamila (2012), project managers can be linked with the reflective partitions that emerge from educational institutes(Louw Rwelamila, 2012). Sewchurran (2008) supported the view by presenting an alternative model that focuses on the education side of the discipline and explored the reflective practices through improvisation and contingencies(Sewchurran Barron, 2008). Crawford et al. (2006) suggested that the increasing complexities on projects demand more education (Crawford Brown, 2009) and practitioners who are willing to explore new theories on project management to acquire new skills that include more than just the technical skills(Sankaran, et al., 2010). Thomas and Mengel (2008) stressed on the importance to be able handling complexity and uncertainty in the modern project environments(Thomas Mengel, 2008). Thus, he suggested that newer forms of professional development are required to prepare and educate project managers to deal with such complexities. According to Kreiner (2002), a project manager needs to be prepared to adapt plans in a changing environment(Kreiner, 2002). Supporting this view, Leybourne (2010) suggests that companies must provide the freedom to their project managers(Leybourne, 2010) for experimenting through unstructured practices and task management methods(Sherrer, 2010). Most researchers are convinced that despite a vast exploration of traditional project management practices, very little has been explored about the actualities of project management. Subsequently, empirical investigation is needed in order to understand modern project management practices. Arguments have also been presented on whether the traditional practices have diverted from the models and concepts. There is very limited empirical investigation done on the practice of project management. Thus, more exploration is needed as the field is only broadening crossing its current limits and perspectives that are present currently(Dana, 2014). With these explorations and added perspectives of multiple project management researchers, some new models and theories have emerged in the recent past including evolutionary management and self-organization and systems thinking. Self-organization Theory: This theory sees projects as a self organized concept which exists in nature with a tendency of growth and evolution. The growth is influenced by interactions between people, where for example new functions can emerge leading to self-organization. These self-organized systems have energy channels that enables both energy and information to flow in order to grow through a feedback loop(Hoda, 2011). The process of self-organization can be seen as a combination of positive and negative feedbacks that expand the horizons of knowledge. These feedbacks can be obtained from external parties or internal stakeholders. For example, approval and acceptance from external parties are positive feedbacks while rejection of criticism from them are negative feedbacks. Similarly, assertiveness and compassion within internal teams have signals of positivity while lack of confidence and disinterest in them would reflect negative feedback. Thus, these feedback cycles are importa nt to study, in particular when it is about understanding the evolution of project management(Blois, 2013) Systems thinking: System thinking makes it possible to manage the complexities and issues in modern project scenarios through identification of different elements that exist in a multiproject environment. It begins with the understanding of a problem solving process in which project managers have to explore problems to identify their core and the behavior patterns that are affecting project efficiencies. System thinking is a holistic approach to problem solving that builds on the network of interactions, role plays, and approaches to creativity and adaption in the project teams(Kopczy?ski Brzozowsk, 2015). Conclusion The traditional project management approaches like CPM have been criticized by researchers as they lack the level of detail and new perspectives have emerged with introduction of new tools, methods, and practices. Among the main arguments to rethink traditional project management is the fact that complexity of projects and the complexity of their environments are much higher nowadays then ten or twenty years back, when a lot of research was done in the field of project management. Several debates can been observed with different new approaches being presented and discussed. For example, some researchers believe in systems thinking which is a holistic approach to problem solving while others focus on the self-organizing concept during projects. 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